What Is Subject Agreement with Example

Subject-verb agreement is one of the most fundamental aspects of English grammar. It refers to the correspondence between the subject of a sentence and the verb that follows it. Simply put, the subject and verb must agree in number (singular or plural). In this article, we will explore the concept of subject-verb agreement and provide examples of correct and incorrect usage.

What is subject-verb agreement?

Subject-verb agreement is the grammatical rule that requires the verb of a sentence to agree in number with its subject. This means that singular subjects must be paired with singular verbs, and plural subjects must be paired with plural verbs. This rule applies to all tenses and moods of verbs in English.

For example, in the sentence “She studies every day,” the subject “she” is singular, and the verb “studies” is also singular. On the other hand, in the sentence “They study every day,” the subject “they” is plural, and the verb “study” is also plural.

Examples of correct subject-verb agreement:

– The dog barks at the mailman. (singular subject “dog” matched with singular verb “barks”)

– The children play in the park. (plural subject “children” matched with plural verb “play”)

– He has been studying for the exam. (singular subject “he” matched with singular verb “has been studying”)

– The dogs have been barking all night. (plural subject “dogs” matched with plural verb “have been barking”)

Examples of incorrect subject-verb agreement:

– The students seems tired. (singular verb “seems” matched with plural subject “students”)

– The cat and the dog is sleeping. (singular verb “is” matched with plural subject “cat and dog”)

– She don`t like pizza. (singular subject “she” matched with plural verb “don`t”)

– The company were founded in 2001. (singular subject “company” matched with plural verb “were founded”)

How to ensure correct subject-verb agreement?

To ensure correct subject-verb agreement, it is important to first identify the subject of the sentence. Then, determine whether the subject is singular or plural, and match the verb accordingly. It is also important to watch out for collective nouns (words that refer to groups but are singular in form, such as “team,” “family,” or “government”) and make sure to match them with singular or plural verbs depending on whether they are acting as a unit or as individuals.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of English grammar that helps to maintain clarity and consistency in communication. By following the rules of subject-verb agreement and paying attention to the number and form of the subject and verb in a sentence, writers can ensure that their writing is grammatically correct and effective.